Chapter 11 介词 (but, for, with, by) 与一般将来时学习要点：理解(but, for, with, by) 的用法及一般将来时，并学会灵活 运用 知识网络： （一）介词 but, for, with, by 1，介词 but 用法 ①表示“除了……” ，常与 nothing, nobody, who 等连用，如： There is nothing but a book on the desk. He had no choice but to do it. ② anything but 表示“除……之外” ，恰恰不；决不；远非“ He will do anything but that. That man is anything but an artist. ③although/though/but 表转折， ”虽然，但是” Although/though he is not rich, he is happy. He is not rich, though/but he is happy. ④ but/besides/except But 表“除……之外” ，常与否定意义的词连用，except 表 “除……之外（不再有） ”指从整体中排除 except 所带的人或物。
前 面有 all, every, any, so 等词，besides“除……之外（还有）， ” 它 的 意 义 是 在 原 来 不 变 的 基 础 上 加 besides 之 外 的 人 或 物 与 other,another,a few 等词连用。
Last night i did nothing but my farm tools. We all went to visit the park except Li Lei. Do you know any other language besides German? 2.For 的用法 ①为了，替，给（表目的，对象）如： The student are preparing for the text. That will be good for your health. ②（表方向，倾向，能力）向往，如： The train is for Beijing. She has gift for foreign languages. ③表“以……的代价，以……的价钱交换” ，如： I bought a dictionary for 5 dollars. He agreed to give her 300 dollars for the practise. ④表“因为，由于” ，如： The place is famous for its hot springs. He was praised for his good deeds. 5.表“供……用的，给……某人的” Here is a letter for you. You'd better leave a note for your parents. 3.的用法 （1）在……身边，带有（从属关系） ，如： I have no money with me.
The girl with glasses is Rose. （2）尽管，虽然（表让步） ，如： With all her money.She is not happy. With all his achievement, he remains modest. （3） “和……在一起，跟……在一起，同……” ，如： Come with me. She lived with her mother. （4） “用，用……工具” （表工具，手段等） ，如： Don't write with a pencil. The fields are covered with snow. （5）（时间）与……同时，随着” “ ，如： With these words, he went out. With the development of modern agriculture and Industry,more and more waste is produced. 4.By 的用法 （1）表示“在……旁边，靠近（与意思相近），如： ” Harry is standing by the window. （2）表示“用，靠，通过，借助于（方法，手段），如： ” Did you come by train or by air? He makes a living by selling newspapers. （3）表“按照，以……（数量，尺寸，程度），如： ” It is eight o' clock by my watch.
They are paid by the mday/by the air. （4）表“因……，由于……” ，如： He took my book by mistake. I met him in the street by chance. （5）表“被，由（用于被动语态，后接动作的执行者），如： ” The book was written by an American writer. 二、一般将来时 一般将来时表示将来会出现的动作或状态 will + 动词原形 They will fly to Beijing in three days. I'll except to hear from you this afternoon. 2."be going to + 动词原形”表说话者明确的打算或确信会发生的 事，多用于口语中。
（1）表现打算或计划将来要做的事，如： I am going to write to Herry this evening. They are going to hold a meeting to discuss it. （2）表示根据某种迹象认为在最近或将来要发生的事，如： It looks as if it is going to rain. The moon is going to rise in a minute. 3.“+ 动词原形”表示安排好要发生或命令做什么 （1）表示预先安排好的计划或约定，如：
There is to be a concert on Saturday evening. The exhibition is to start in a week's time. （2） ”表即将发生的动作（不能与表具体的将来时间的副词 “+ 或副词性短语连用） 4.一般将来时常常伴存的表将来时间的状语，如：this evening, tomorrow, next Monday(week,month), at the end of this term, in a few minutes 等。
短文阅读： （一）A.The poster says a new cartoon film will be shown This Sunday. B. Oh,what was on? C.Why not go with me this Sunday? D.Well,I'll book the two tickets for both of us. E.Is there anything good? F.I didn't remember the story. G.But I'm afraid I cannot get the ticket.Mark:Hello,Bob!You look so happy.(1)____ Bob:Yes,I went to see a movie. Mark: (52)____ Bob:Snow Buddies.（雪地小伙伴） Mark:Oh,it's a popular English film. Bob:Yes,the acting and the story are excellent I enjoyed every minute of it.(53)_____ Mark:What is it?
Bob:Happy Feet.It's funny. Mark:Sounds great!I want to see it (54)___Could you help me? Bob:(55)____ Mark:OK,Thanks a lot. (二） A report says that more than half children like buying things online.61 percent of those who bought things online said it was easier to buy certain things over the Internet than in shops. There are more boys than girls liking to be Internet shoppers.60 percent of boys bought things online, but just 46 percent of girls visited the Internet shops. The most common things for children to buy over the Internet were CDs and tapes or computer games,both at 45 percent. 43 percent of children bough DVDs and videos and 37 percent bought gifts. Children spent most money on computer games, with 13 percent saying they more than $30 online these a year, followed by 12 percent who bought mobile phones and 11percent who bought clothes. 1.A report says that____of girls visited the Internet shops 2.37 percent of children bought___over the Internet.
3.The underlined word stands for_____ 4.The report tell us about _____. 课后练习： 1.We're going to have a picnic_____. A in next weekB on tomorrow C next week D in Sunday evening 2.I'm glad I___with my best friend in the same school next year. A study B will study C have studied D stuied 3.____you take good care of him? Yes, I will. A Will B Shall C Are D Do4.What day ____it tomorrow? A will B are C is D does5.____we play the games together? Good idea. A Will go B Shall C Are D Did6.I'm sure he ____come back soon. A shall B doesn't C will D is going7._____Li MIng and Li Hai going to join the Swimming Club? A Will B Are C Is D Do8.We____study even harder here? A won't B will C don't D are going Tomorrow morning. D shall9.When ___they leave here? A will B do C did
10.The panda___a baby in a few days. A will have B has had 句型转换： 1.They are going to play the computer . ______. ____ they are going to play? 2.We will go to see our science teacher.（改为否定句） We ____ ____ to see science teacher. 3.She will give you some paper.（一般疑问句） ____ she give me ___paper? 4.We will do evening by ourselves. _____ _____ do evening by yourselves? 5.Mr Brown will visit the Great Wall next summer . _____ ____ Mr Brown_____next summer? 6.They will have an English text next Tuesday? _____ _____ have an English text next Tuesday. 1.It is difficult, _____I think he can finish it. 2.Tomorrow is my birthday, so my father bought a bike ___me. 3.I will go to there ___bus if it is raining tomorrow. 4.I cut the beef ____a knife. 5.The world Monday begins ____the letter M. 6.They went to Beijing ____plane last year. 7.I will finish my homework ___your help. C had D is going to be
8. The answers ____exercise 1 is in todays newspaper. 9.He will wait for ___the bus. 10.We have learned 2400 English words ___the end of the term.